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Botswana

System of governmentUnitary parliamentary republic with an executive presidency
V-Dem Electoral Democracy Index0.56/1
Head of State and Government (President)Mokgweetsi Masisi (BDP, centre-right)
Parties in GovernmentBDP (centre-right)

National Parliament

Parties

Botswana Democratic Party (BDP)

Leader: Slumber Tsogwane
Orientation: Centre-right
Ideology: Paternalistic conservatism
Stance towards the government: In government
International affiliation: Socialist International

Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC)

Leader: Duma Boko
Orientation: Centre-left
Ideology: Social democracy
Stance towards the government: Opposition
International affiliation: N/A

Botswana Congress Party (BCP)

Leader: Dumelang Saleshando
Orientation: Centre-left
Ideology: Social democracy
Stance towards the government: Opposition
International affiliation: N/A

Botswana Patriotic Front (BPF)

Leader: Mephato Reatile
Orientation: *
Ideology: Populism, pro-Ian Khama
Stance towards the government: Opposition
International affiliation: N/A

Botswana National Front (BNF)

Leader: Duma Boko
Orientation: Centre-left
Ideology: Social democracy, Christian left
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: Umbrella for Democratic Change
International affiliation: Centrist Democrat International

Alliance for Progressives (AP)

Leader: Ndaba Gaolathe
Orientation: Liberal
Ideology: Social liberalism
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: Umbrella for Democratic Change
International affiliation: N/A

Botswana People’s Party (BPP)

Leader: Motlatsi Molapisi
Orientation: Left-wing
Ideology: Democratic socialism, pan-Africanism
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: Umbrella for Democratic Change
International affiliation: N/A

Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD)

Leader: Thuso Tiego
Orientation: Right-wing
Ideology: Right-wing populism, Christian right
Stance towards the government: Opposition
International affiliation: Africa Liberal Network