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Mauritania

System of governmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
V-Dem Electoral Democracy Index0.40/1
Head of State (President)Mohamed Ould Ghazouani (El Insaf, centre-right)
Head of Government (PM)Mohamed Ould Bilal (El Insaf, centre-right)
Parties in GovernmentEl Insaf (centre-right)
UDP (centre)

National Assembly

Parties

حزب الإنصاف
ḥizb al-inṣāf
Parti El Insaf
Equity Party

Leader: محمد ماء العينين ولد أييه (Mohamed Melainine Ould Eyih)
Orientation: Centre-right
Ideology: Populism, liberal conservatism
Stance towards the government: In government
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: Centrist Democrat International

التجمع الوطني للإصلاح والتنمية (تواصل)
at-tajammuʿ al-waṭani lil iṣlāḥ wat-tanmiya (tawāṣṣul)
Rassemblement National pour la Réforme et le Développement (RNRD/Tewassoul)
National Rally for Reform and Development

Leader: حمادي ولد سيدي المختار (Hamadi Ould Sidi Mokhtar)
Orientation: Islamist
Ideology: Islamic democracy, moderate Islamism, social conservatism
Stance towards the government: Opposition
International affiliation: Muslim Brotherhood

الاتحاد من أجل الديمقراطية والتقدم
al-ittiḥād min ajl ad-dīmuqrāṭiya wat-taqaddum
Union pour la Démocratie et le Progrès (UDP)
Union for Democracy and Progress

Leader: الناها منت مكناس (Naha Mint Mouknass)
Orientation: Centre
Ideology: Centrism, civic nationalism
Stance towards the government: In government
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: Centrist Democrat International

الجبهة الجمهورية من أجل الوحدة والديمقراطية
al-jabha al-jumhuriya min ajl al-wiḥda wad-dīmuqrāṭiya
Front Républicain pour l’Unité et la Démocratie (FRUD)
Republican Front for Unity and Democracy

Leader: Amadou Tijane Diop
Orientation: Black minority interests
Ideology: Black minority interests
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: Hope Mauritania (left-wing)
International affiliation: N/A

كتلة التغيير الجاد
kutlat at-taġyīr al-jādd
Masse du Changement Concrèt (MCC)
Bloc of Serious Change

Leader: محمد الأمين ولد سيدي مولود (Mohamed Lemine Ould Sidi Maouloud)
Orientation: Left-wing
Ideology: Youth interests, anti-corruption, anti-establishment rhetoric, reformism
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: Hope Mauritania (left-wing)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: MCC is currently legally unrecognised as a political party. Its candidates run with the Republican Front for Unity and Democracy (Black minority interests).

(تام) تجمع الديمقراطيين التقدميين
tajammuʿ ad-dīmuqraṭiyīn at-taqaddumiyīn
Rassemblement des Démocrates Progressistes (RDP)
Gathering of Progressive Democrats

Leader: يوسف ولد محمد عيسى (Youssouf Ould Mohamed Issa)
Orientation: Left-wing
Ideology: Democratic socialism, Marxism
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: Hope Mauritania (left-wing)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: RDP is currently legally unrecognised as a political party. Its candidates run with the Republican Front for Unity and Democracy (Black minority interests).

حزب الإصلاح
ḥizb al-ilāḥ
Parti El Islah
Reform Party

Leader: محمد ولد طالبنا (Mohamed Ould Talebna)
Orientation: Centre
Ideology: Populism, reformism, transpartisanism, civic nationalism
Stance towards the government: Support
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A

التحالف الوطني الديمقراطي
at-taḥāluf al-waani ad-dīmuqrāṭi
Alliance Nationale Démocratique (AND)
National Democratic Alliance

Leader: يعقوب ولد أمين (Yacoub Ould Moine)
Orientation: Centre
Ideology: Social democracy
Stance towards the government: Support
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A

حزب الصواب
ḥizb aṣ-ṣawāb
Parti Sawab
Right Path Party

Leader: عبد السلام ولد حرمة (Abdel Salem Ould Horma)
Orientation: *
Ideology: Iraqi Ba’athism, Arab nationalism
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: Democratic Alternation Coalition (*|Haratine interests|centre-left)
International affiliation: N/A

حزب إعادة التأسيس من أجل العمل الشامل (الرك)
ḥizb iʿādat at-taʾsīs min ajl alʿamal aš-šāmil (ar-rag)
Refondation pour une Action Globale (RAG)
Refoundation for a Global Action

Leader: عمر ولد يالي (Oumar Ould Yali)
Orientation: Haratine interests|Centre-left
Ideology: Anti-slavery, Haratine interests, social democracy
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: Democratic Altenation Coalition (*|Haratine interests|centre-left)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: RAG is currently legally unrecognised as a political party. Its candidates run with Sawab (*).

التحالف من أجل العدالة والديمقراطية/حركة التجديد
at-taḥāluf min ajl al-ʿadāla wad-dīmuqrāṭiya/ḥarakat at-tajdīd
Alliance pour la Justice et la Démocratie/Mouvement pour la Rénovation (AJD/MR)
Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal

Leader: Ibrahima Moctar Sarr
Orientation: Black minority interests
Ideology: Black minority interests
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: Coalition Living Together (Black minority interests)
International affiliation: N/A

حزب نداء الوطن
ḥizb nidāʾ al-waṭan
Parti Nida El Watan
Nation’s Call Party

Leader: داوود ولد أحمد عيشة (Daoud Ould Ahmed Aicha)
Orientation: Right-wing
Ideology: Mauritanian nationalism, centralism, Arab-Berber interests
Stance towards the government: Support
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A

حزب الكرامة
ḥizb al-karāma
Parti El Karama
Dignity Party

Leader: شيخنا ولد حجبو (Cheikhna Ould Hajbou)
Orientation: Centre
Ideology: Centrism, civic nationalism, social liberalism, social democracy, transversalism
Stance towards the government: Support
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A

حزب الإتحاد و التغيير الموريتاني (حاتم)
ḥizb al-ittiḥād wat-taġyīr al-muritāni (ḥatem)
Parti Mauritanien de l’Union et du Changement (HATEM)
Mauritanian Party of Union and Change

Leader: صالح ولد حننا (Saleh Ould Hanena)
Orientation: Conservative
Ideology: Social conservatism, Islamic democracy, economic liberalism, civic nationalism
Stance towards the government: Support
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A

(حوار) حزب الوفاق من اجل الرفاه
ḥizb al-wifāq min ajl ar-rafāh (ḥiwar)
Parti de la Conciliation et de la Prosperité (HIWAR)
Party of Conciliation and Prosperity (Dialogue)

Leader: فاله منت ميني (Valle Mint Miny)
Orientation: Conservative
Ideology: Youth interests, egalitarianism, social conservatism, moderate Islamism
Stance towards the government: Support
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A

حزب الفضيلة
ḥizb al-vaḍīla
Parti El Vadila
Virtue Party

Leader: عثمان ولد شيخ أحمد أبو معالي (Ethmane Ould Cheikh Ahmed Eboul Mealy)
Orientation: Islamist
Ideology: Islamism
Stance towards the government: Support
International affiliation: N/A

الاتحاد من أجل التخطيط للبناء
al-ittiḥād min ajl at-taxīṭ lil bināʾ
Union pour la Planification et la Construction (UPC)
Union for Planning and Building

Leader: قاري ولد محمد عبد الله (Qari Ould Mohamed Abdallahi)
Orientation: *
Ideology: *
Stance towards the government: Mixed stance
National affiliation: State of Justice Coalition (conservative), Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A