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Mauritania

System of governmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
V-Dem Electoral Democracy Index0.38/1
Head of State (President)Mohamed Ould Ghazouani (El Insaf, centre-right)
Head of Government (PM)Mohamed Ould Bilal (El Insaf, centre-right)
Parties in GovernmentEl Insaf (centre-right)
UDP (centre)

National Assembly

Parties

حزب الإنصاف | Parti El Insaf
Equity Party

Leader: Mohamed Melainine Ould Eyih
Orientation: Centre-right
Ideology: Populism, liberal conservatism
Stance towards the government: In government
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: Centrist Democrat International

التجمع الوطني للإصلاح والتنمية (تواصل) | Rassemblement National pour la Réforme et le Développement (RNRD)
National Rally for Reform and Development

Leader: Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Seyidi
Orientation: Islamist
Ideology: Islamic democracy, moderate Islamism, social conservatism
Stance towards the government: Opposition
International affiliation: Muslim Brotherhood

الاتحاد من أجل الديمقراطية والتقدم | Union pour la Démocratie et le Progrès (UDP)
Union for Democracy and Progress

Leader: Naha Mint Mouknass
Orientation: Centre
Ideology: Centrism, civic nationalism
Stance towards the government: In government
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: Centrist Democrat International

Note: UDP sits in the Balance group in the National Assembly.

حزب الكرامة | Parti El Karama
Dignity Party

Leader: Cheikhna Ould Hajbou
Orientation: Centre
Ideology: Centrism
Stance towards the government: Support
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: El Karama sits in the Balance group in the National Assembly.

التحالف الوطني الديمقراطي | Alliance Nationale Démocratique (AND)
National Democratic Alliance

Leader: Yacoub Ould Moine
Orientation: Centre
Ideology: Social democracy
Stance towards the government: Support
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: AND sits in the Balance group in the National Assembly.

اتحاد قوى التقدم | Union des Forces de Progrès (UFP)
Union of the Forces of Progress

Leader: Mohamed Ould Maouloud
Orientation: Left-wing
Ideology: Left-wing civic nationalism, democratic socialism
Stance towards the government: Opposition
International affiliation: N/A

Note: UFP sits in the UFP-RFD group in the National Assembly.

تكتل القوى الديمقراطية | Rassemblement de Forces Démocratiques (RFD)
Rally of Democratic Forces

Leader: Ahmed Ould Daddah
Orientation: Centre-left
Ideology: Social democracy, civic nationalism
Stance towards the government: Opposition
International affiliation: Socialist International, Progressive Alliance, Arab Social Democratic Forum

Note: RFD sits in the UFP-RFD group in the National Assembly.

التحالف الشعبي التقدمي | Alliance Populaire Progressiste (APP)
People’s Progressive Alliance

Leader: Messaoud Ould Boulkheir
Orientation: Centre-left|Haratine interests
Ideology: Haratine interests, social liberalism, Nasserism
Stance towards the government: Opposition
International affiliation: N/A

Note: APP sits in the Sawab group in the National Assembly.

حزب الصواب | Parti Sawab
Right Path Party

Leader: Abdel Salem Ould Horma
Orientation: *
Ideology: Iraqi Ba’athism, Arab nationalism
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: Democratic Rotation Pole (*|Haratine interests|Centre-left)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: Sawab sits in the Sawab group in the National Assembly.

حزب إعادة التأسيس من أجل العمل الشامل (الرك) | Parti Radical pour une Action Globale (RAG)
Radical Party for a Global Action

Leader: Oumar Ould Yali
Orientation: Haratine interests|Centre-left
Ideology: Anti-slavery, Haratine interests, social democracy
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: Democratic Rotation Pole (*|Haratine interests|Centre-left)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: RAG is currently legally unrecognised as a political party. Its candidates run with Sawab (*). RAG sits in the Sawab group in the National Assembly.

حزب الحراك الشبابي من أجل الوطن | Parti du Sursaut de la Jeunesse pour la Nation (PSJN)
Party of the Burst of Youth for the Nation

Leader: Lalla Mint Cheriva
Orientation: *
Ideology: Populism
Stance towards the government: Support
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: PSJN sits in the Balance group in the National Assembly.

(حوار) حزب الوفاق من اجل الرفاه | Parti de la Conciliation et de la Prosperité (HIWAR)
Party of Conciliation and Prosperity (Dialogue)

Leader: Valle Mint Miny
Orientation: Conservative
Ideology: Populism, social conservatism, moderate Islamism
Stance towards the government: Support
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: HIWAR sits in the Balance group in the National Assembly.

التحالف من أجل العدالة والديمقراطية/حركة التجديد | Alliance pour la Justice et la Démocratie/Mouvement pour la Rénovation (AJD/MR)
Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal

Leader: Ibrahima Moctar Sarr
Orientation: Black minority interests
Ideology: Black minority interests
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: Coalition Living Together /Truth and Reconciliation (Black minority interests)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: AJD/MR sits in the Sawab group in the National Assembly.

حزب ألإصلاح | Parti El Islah
Reform Party

Leader: Mohamed Ould Talebna
Orientation: Centre-right
Ideology: Populism
Stance towards the government: Support
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: El Islah sits in the Balance group in the National Assembly.

كتلة التغيير الجاد | Masse du Changement Concrèt (MCC)
Bloc of Serious Change

Leader: Mohamed Lemine Ould Sidi Maouloud
Orientation: Left-wing
Ideology: Youth interests, anti-corruption, anti-establishment rhetoric, reformism
Stance towards the government: Opposition
International affiliation: N/A

Note: MCC is currently legally unrecognised as a political party. Sources suggest that they might be officially registered before the next elections. Independent MP Mohamed Lemine Ould Sidi Maouloud leads the association. MCC sits in the UFP-RFD group in the National Assembly.

كتلة خيار الحق | Bloc du Bon Choix (Khiar El Haq)
Bloc of the Right Choice

Leader: Mohamed Bouye Ould Cheikh Mohamed Vadel
Orientation: Islamist
Ideology: Islamism, social conservatism, anti-French sentiment, anti-establishment
Stance towards the government: Opposition
National affiliation: State of Justice Coalition (*)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: Khiar El Haq is currently legally unrecognised as a political party. Independent MP Mohamed Bouye Ould Cheikh Mohamed Vadel leads the association. Khiar El Haq currently sits in the Balance group in the National Assembly.

القوى التقدمية للتغيير | Forces Progressistes du Changement (FPC)
Progressive Forces of Change

Leader: Samba Thiam
Orientation: Black minority interests
Ideology: Black minority interests
Stance towards the government: Extra-parliamentary opposition
National affiliation: Coalition Living Together/Truth and Reconciliation (Black minority interests)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: FPC is currently legally unrecognised as a political party.

حزب الإتحاد و التغيير الموريتاني (حاتم) | Parti Mauritanien de l’Union et du Changement (HATEM)
Mauritanian Party of Union and Change

Leader: Saleh Ould Hanena
Orientation: Conservative
Ideology: Social conservatism, economic liberalism, civic nationalism
Stance towards the government: Extra-parliamentary support
National affiliation: Coordination of Parties of the Majority (centre to conservative)
International affiliation: N/A

الرباط الوطني من أجل الحقوق وبناء الأجيال | Cohésion Nationale pour les Droits et la Construction des Générations (CNDCG)
National Cohesion for Rights and the Construction of Generations

Leader: Saad Ould Louleid
Orientation: *
Ideology: Ex-President Ould Abdel Aziz loyalism, anti-establishment rhetoric, populism
Stance towards the government: Extra-parliamentary opposition
International affiliation: N/A

الاتحاد من أجل التخطيط للبناء | Union pour la Planification et la Construction (UPC)
Union for Planning and Building

Leader: Qari Ould Mohamed Abdallahi
Orientation: *
Ideology: *
Stance towards the government: Extra-parliamentary opposition
National affiliation: State of Justice Coalition (*)
International affiliation: N/A

إلى الأمام موريتانيا | En Avant la Mauritanie (En Avant)
Forward Mauritania

Leader: Nouredine Ould Mohamedou
Orientation: Centre
Ideology: Transversalism, reformism, civic nationalism
Stance towards the government: Extra-parliamentary opposition
National affiliation: State of Justice Coalition (*)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: En Avant is currently legally unrecognised as a political party. Its candidates will run with the Union for Planification and Construction (*).

حركة كفانا | Mouvement Kavana (Kavana)
Movement “We’ve had enough”

Leader: Yacoub Ould Ahmed Lemrabet
Orientation: Left-wing
Ideology: Youth interests, left-wing populism, anti-establishment rhetoric, reformism
Stance towards the government: Extra-parliamentary opposition
National affiliation: State of Justice Coalition (*)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: Kavana is currently legally unrecognised as a political party. Its candidates will run with the Union for Planification and Construction (*).

حزب الخيار الوطني | Parti d’Option Nationale (PON)
Party of the National Choice

Leader: El Hacen Ould Abb
Orientation: *
Ideology: Youth interests, anti-establishment rhetoric
Stance towards the government: Extra-parliamentary opposition
National affiliation: State of Justice Coalition (*)
International affiliation: N/A

Note: PON is currently legally unrecognised as a political party. Its candidates will run with the Union for Planification and Construction (*).